Vocabulario arquitectónico en inglés
Un aporte de Helena Sálico.
Acanthus Leaf - Motif in classical architecture found on Corinthian columns
aisle - subsidiary space alongside the body of a building, separated from it by columns, piers, or posts.
Arcade - passage or walkway covered over by a succession of arches or vaults supported by columns. Blind arcade or arcading: the same applied to the wall surface.
Architrave - formalized lintel, the lowest member of the classical entablature. Also the moulded frame of a door or window (often borrowing the profile of a classical architrave).
Atrium - (plural: atria) inner court of a Roman or C20 house; in a multi-storey building, a toplit covered court rising through all storeys.
Attic - small top storey within a roof. The storey above the main entablature of a classical façade.
Baluster - small moulded shaft, square or circular, in stone or wood, sometimes metal, supporting the coping of a parapet or the handrail of a staircase; a series of balusters supporting a handrail or coping.
Basement - lowest, subordinate storey of building often either entirely or partially below ground level; the lowest part of classical elevation, below the piano nobile.
Basilica - originally a Roman, large roofed hall erected for transacting business and disposing of legal matters.; later the term came to describe an aisled building with a clerestory. Medieval cathedral plans were a development of the basilica plan type.
Bas Relief - Shallow carving of figures and landscapes
Belfry Chamber or stage in a tower where bells are hung. The term is also used to describe the manner in which bricks are laid in a wall so that they interlock.
Belvedere - Projection from top of roof; also called cupola
Boutant - type of support. An arc-boutant, or flying buttress, serves to sustain a vault, and is self-sustained by some strong wall or massive work. A pillar boutant is a large chain or jamb of stone, made to support a wall, terrace, or vault. The word is French, and comes from the verb bouter, "to butt" or "abut".
Bullseye window - small oval window, set horizontally.
Circulation - describes the flow of people throughout a building.
Coffer - a sunken panel in the shape of a square, rectangle, or octagon that serves as a decorative device, usually in a ceiling or vault. Also called caissons, or lacunar.
Cornice - upper section of an entablature, a projecting shelf along the top of a wall often supported by brackets.
Dodecastyle - temple where the portico has twelve columns in front, as in the portico added to the Temple of Demeter at Eleusis, designed by Philo, the architect of the arsenal at the Peiraeus.
Doric order - one of the three orders or organisational systems of Ancient Greek or classical architecture characterised by columns which stood on the flat pavement of a temple without a base, their vertical shafts fluted with parallel concave grooves topped by a smooth capital that flared from the column to meet a square abacus at the intersection with the horizontal beam that they carried.
Dormer - a structural element of a building that protrudes from the plane of a sloping roof surface. Dormers are used, either in original construction or as later additions, to create usable space in the roof of a building by adding headroom and usually also by enabling addition of windows.
Eaves - Lowest projecting part of a sloped roof
Entablature - Horizontal detailing above a classical column and below a pediment, consisting of cornice, frieze and architrave.
Flying buttress - a specific type of buttress usually found on a religious building such as a cathedral.
Frieze - Band (often decorative) below cornice
gable - a triangular portion of a wall between the edges of a sloping roof
Gazebo - a freestanding pavilion structure often found in parks, gardens and public areas
Keystone (architecture) - the architectural piece at the crown of a vault or arch and marks its apex, locking the other pieces into position.
Lancet window - Window with a pointed arch
Lintel (architecture) - a horizontal block that spans the space between two supports
Loggia - a gallery formed by a colonnade open on one or more sides. The space is often located on an upper floor of a building overlooking an open court or garden.
Mansard roof - a curb roof in which each face has two slopes, the lower one steeper than the upper. [f. F mansarde (F. M~, architect, d. 1666)]
molding (molding) - decorative finishing strip.
Mullion - vertical bar of wood, metal or stone which divides a window into two or more parts (cf. transom).
Ogee - Molding with both concave and convex curves
Pediment - (Gr. ἀετός, Lat. fastigium, Fr. ponton), in classic architecture the triangular-shaped portion of the wali above the cornice which formed the termination of the roof behind it. The projecting mouldings of the cornice which surround it enclose the tympanum, which is sometimes decorated with sculpture.
Piano nobile - the principal floor of a large house, built in the style of renaissance architecture
Portico - a series of columns or arches in front of a building, generally as a covered walkway.
Revolving Door - an entrance door for excluding drafts from an interior of a building. A revolving door typically consists of three or four doors that hang on a center shaft and rotate around a vertical axis within a round enclosure.
Transom - horizontal element in a window (cf. mullion) or above a door but within its vertical frame.
Tympanum - the triangular space enclosed between the horizontal cornice of the entablature and the sloping cornice of the pediment. Though sometimes left plain, it is often decorated (Greek τύμπανον, from τύπτειν, to strike).
Veranda - Porch that runs along front or side of a building; supported by pillars or columns.
Volute - Scroll shape found on Ionic capital.
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